It is estimated that 50% of women will have at least one UTI during their lifetime with many having repeat infections. UTIs can occur at any age with an increase in risk after intimacy, exercise, travel, etc.
UTIs are often caused by bacteria, with E. coli being the most common source. Other common UTI-causing bacteria are: enterococcus faecalis, staphylococcus, klebsiella, pseudomonas and several others. Without going into the full microbiology studies, these bacteria can be grouped as Gram Negative or Gram Positive bacteria - with different antibiotic susceptibility.
Since UTIs are common they are sometimes treated without the proper attention and testing. For example, busy medical offices and urgent cares do not always send a urine sample for a culture and will prescribe a generic antibiotic, typically targeting the E. Coli bacteria.
It is very important to determine the source of your UTI and treat it with the appropriate antibiotic. Re-occurrence of infection and antibiotic resistance can occur with improper treatment. Not treating an ongoing infection can lead to kidney infections and possibly sepsis.
With proper treatment, diet, and appropriate supplements you can heal and reduce the risk of repeat infections. You want to break the cycle before it becomes harder to recover.
UTI symptoms can be one or a combination of the following:
- Strong urge to urinate frequently, even immediately after the bladder is emptied
- Painful burning sensation when urinating
- Discomfort, pressure, or bloating in the lower abdomen
- Pain in the pelvic area or back
- Cloudy or bloody urine, which may have a strong smell
Source: University of Maryland Medical Center
If you experience any of these symptoms, drink plenty of water and have your urine cultured as soon as possible. If your regular doctor can't see you right away we suggest going to an urgent care or ED/ER.